Romania has had a long tradition in the field of intellectual property, being situated on the same level as developed states such as France, Great Britain, Germany, Austria or Belgium (the country that has adopted the first law of trade and factory trademarks in 1879).

Although in 1880, the problem of adopting a law of patents of inventions was raised, the project was never adopted.

The first law of invention patents came into force on January 17th, 1906. In 1920 Romania becomes member of the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property in Paris and of the Hague Agreement.

In the following period Romania witnessed an unprecedented economic development, especially in the inter-war period but in 1944, after the instauration of a centralized economic market, Romania became an unstable market which lead to a decrease of the intellectual property importance.

Still, Romania showed an active involvement in the international system of intellectual property and became member of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1970 and a member of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) in 1979.

After 1990, when the mechanisms of market economy were promoted and developed in Romania, the intellectual property became again an important feature of economic development as a consequence of private property protection stated in the fundamental constitutional provision.

When the intellectual property regained its importance, the rights of intellectual property were the subject of regulation for new laws, harmonized with the international legislation.

In the following period, Romania acceded to a series of international treaties such as: Trade Marks Right Treaty, Nice Agreement regarding the classification of goods and services, Vienna Agreement regarding the classification of industrial models and designs, Strasbourg Agreement on Patent Classification, Madrid Protocol regarding Madrid Agreement regarding trade mark international registration, Budapest Treaty regarding the international acknowledgment of microorganisms.

In 2002, the Romanian Government acceded to the European Patent Convention and to the Revision Act of the EPC. On the first of March 2003, Romania became a member of the European Patent Convention and as a consequence the European patent applications designate the new member state.

Once the EPC became effective, Romania concluded with the European Office of Patents an extensive agreement.

These regulations have considerably influenced the progress and prosperity of mankind and proved that they depend on human creativity in the cultural and technical field. The protection of creativity encourages investments, stimulates the economic growth, leads to new jobs and new fields of activity, and also to the improvement of life.